Spasticity results from damage to the area of the brain and spinal cord that controls muscle and stretch reflexes. It is associated with neurological conditions.
Spasticity affects more than 12 million people across the world. This muscle control disorder can manifest in varying degrees in individuals with:
Spinal Cord Injury
Tight or Stiff Muscles
Hyperactive Reflexes – Reflexes that last too long and are too strong
Delayed Motor development
Bone & Joint Deformities
Difficulty with Everyday Tasks
This condition affects muscles and joints, making it particularly harmful to growing children. If left untreated, spasticity also has the ability to cause complications including:
Permanent Joint Deformity
Diagnosing this condition can be complicated due to the varying degrees in which it can occur. In addition to a physical exam, neurological testing will be conducted along with MRI. Your doctor will seek to learn and understand your symptoms as well as
explore your medical history.
Treatments for Spasticity
Several treatments exist to improve comfort, mobility, and independence for those experiencing spasticity.
Physical Therapy – An exercise regimen that involves stretching and strengthening to improve mobility and range of motion.
Occupational Therapy – Improves strength and coordination in small muscle groups that impact the ability to perform everyday tasks. Speech therapy might also be included depending on the symptoms.
Oral Medications – Used in combination with other therapies, these may include:
Local Injections – Small amounts of Botox injected into specified locations to paralyze the spastic muscles.
Surgery – There are two surgical procedure options. One implants a baclofen pump and the other cuts the pathway between the nerve and the muscle.
Deep Brain Stimulation – This minimally invasive surgery is also being explored as a potential treatment option.
Schedule Your Appointment
The Desert Care Network team is on your side to help you or your loved one navigate your symptoms. Schedule an appointment today to start your journey towards a better way of life.